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竟讓醜女變美女|妙手回春|中國四大女醫|鮑仙姑


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Newsinsight
Published at: 2018-04-02

鮑姑:中國第一位用艾灸治病的女醫

說起中國的四大女醫,每個人都是一部令人驚嘆的傳奇,其中晉代的鮑姑,可是中國第一位女灸學家呢!

鮑姑原名鮑潛光,她的醫術有多高明,還要從她的父親和丈夫說起。《晉書》記載,她的父親鮑靚5歲時突然說:「我前世是曲陽李家的兒子,9歲時墜井而死。」這可驚呆了全家人,他們連忙找來那戶家人詢問,竟然全都吻合。

之後,鮑靚博覽經書,一心向道,跟隨世外高人學道。他在江蘇丹陽開館授徒時,成為歷史上著名的道人葛洪的師父。葛洪是一名煉丹家、醫藥學家,鮑靚非常欣賞他,就把女兒鮑姑許配給他。

我們雖然無法考證鮑姑是如何學習醫術的,但古人有「醫道同源」的說法,鮑姑每天在父親和丈夫的薰陶下,修行得道都不是難事,還愁學不到高深的醫術嗎?

後來,鮑靚做了南海郡太守,舉家遷徙。鮑姑就和丈夫在羅浮山上隱居清修,過著神仙眷侶的生活。葛洪專注於修道,鮑姑就把更多的精力放在研究醫術上。她經常在高山溪流間出沒,尋找藥材、研究藥方,自創艾灸絕學。

孟子曾說:「七年之病,求三年之艾。」艾草是一種良藥,治療贅疣——也就是皮膚上的肉瘤有奇效。鮑姑為此四處尋找上等的艾草,終於在越秀山腳發現了紅腳艾。這種艾草做成艾絨條後,只需取用一點點用火點燃,在身上熏一下,贅疣就能全部脫落,肌膚也比以前更細嫩。鮑姑在南海一帶雲遊時,就用這種艾草治癒很多病患。

有一天,鮑姑在採藥途中,在河邊遇到一位哭泣的女子。她上前一看,原來那個女子臉上長了許多黑褐色的贅瘤。女子說,因為自己的相貌被鄉鄰嘲笑,一直嫁不出去,所以跑到這裡偷偷傷感。鮑姑心生憐憫,立刻從藥囊裡取出自製的艾灸,為她醫治。一會兒的功夫,女子臉上的贅疣全部脫落,皮膚變得像潔白無瑕的美玉。

鮑姑就這樣,一邊修行,一邊行醫救人,很快醫名遠揚。人們感念她的善舉,為她建造祠堂,把她自製的艾藥尊稱為「鮑姑艾」。直到明清時期,還有人到處尋找藥到病除的鮑姑艾,不知道誰是那個幸運兒呢?

鮑姑雖然沒有留下任何醫書,但是她的丈夫葛洪有一部《肘後備急方》,裡面記錄了100多個針灸醫方,其中灸術就佔了90多條,並且在功效和使用方法上做了詳細講解。有人推測,這些關於灸術的文字,多半出自鮑姑的行醫經驗。

在今天,灸術是傳統中醫的一門養生方法,在社會上廣為流傳,這也要感謝鮑姑在歷史上做出的貢獻啊!

參考資料:《晉書》《墉城集仙錄》

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